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Great philosophers like John Locke, Isaac Newton, and Charles-Louis were influential to the Enlightenment. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 - 1778) was a French philosopher and writer of the Age of Enlightenment. He helped shape the Romantic movement, the French Revolution, individuals such as Immanuel Kant and Karl Marx, as well as entire governments on their theories on democracy, republicanism, communism, and many more. Having lived from 1712 to 1778, Rousseau was a major influence on the intellectual thinking of the 18th century.He inspired the political activism that led to the French … After this lesson is finished you should be able to: Copyright 2018 - Book Store WordPress Theme. The people may put their trust in the government so that in turn, the government may trust the people and protect their rights. Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born to Isaac Rousseau and Suzanne Bernard in Geneva on June 28, 1712. His treatises and novels inspired the leaders of the French Revolution, the Romantic generation, and many other famous philosophers. His ideas are at times obscure and contradicting. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (June 28, 1712 – July 2, 1778) was a Franco - Swiss philosopher of the Enlightenment whose political ideas influenced the French Revolution, the development of socialist and democratic theory, and the growth of nationalism. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The Declaration of Independence and the "Social Contract Theory" both arose from the Enlightenment. Below we have two writings from the two most famous representatives of their respective movements: Martin Luther of the Reformation, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau of the Enlightenment. Rousseau Promotes The Social Contract Jean-Jacques Rousseau SOH), believed that people in their natural state were basically good. He moved from location to location, and finally ended up secretly living back in France, where he passed away in 1778. Another philosopher was Jean-Jaqcues Rousseau. The ideas of Enlightenment philosophers rippled throughout the globe, however, they seemed to have the most interesting effect on France. … While there, in 1764, he wrote his autobiography, called The Confessions. In this work, Rousseau argued that human beings are basically good by nature, but were corrupted by complex events that resulted in the present day society. Explain this evolution […] Contrary to Rousseau’s intent, this line of thought was later used to justify revolutionary dictatorship, most notably by Robespierre, Maximilien François Marie Isidore de . He believed that living for the common good produced peace, equality, and liberty. Jean-Jacques Rousseau was one of the most important philosophers of the Enlightenment period. This tab contains information about              Jean-Jacques Rousseau, his life, achievements, and contributions to the Enlightenment/ The Age of Reason as well as an explanation of his work The Social Contract. Jean-Jacques Rousseau is one of the 7 great Enlightenment thinkers. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who lived from 1712 to 1778, was one of the most influential philosopher’s during the Enlightenmentin 18th-century Europe. The good of community as a whole, he said, should be placed above individual interests. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who lived from 1712 to 1778, was one of the most influential philosopher’s during the Enlightenment in 18th-century Europe. http://www.fotor.com/features/collage.html, http://www.befunky.com/features/collage-maker/. Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan. These three books caused much controversy. voltaire, montesquieu, and jean-jacques rousseau, influenced ordinary readers, politicians, and even monarchs in western europe and russia louis xvi read voltaire. In his 1996 article, "the Origin of the Counter-Enlightenment: Rousseau and the New Religion of Sincerity", in the American Political Science Review (Vol. Jean-Jacques Rousseau School Social contract Romanticism Main interests Political philosophy, music, education, literature, autobiography Notable ideas General will, amour de soi, amour-propre, moral simplicity of humanity, child-centered learning, civil religion, popular sovereignty, positive liberty, public opinion It was their thinking that spread great ideas during the Enlightenment. 90, No. Rousseau’s solution was to call upon an uncorrupted, enlightened lawgiver who can emancipate the people by crafting appropriate legislation and eliciting popular consent. Unlike some thinkers, Rousseau combined idealistic and realistic elements of life in a way that sparked the Romantic movement. His mother died only a few days later on July 7, and his only sibling, an older brother, ran away from home when Rousseau was still a child. Government: To preserve private property people rushed head first into laws and governors. He has many innovation to political systems that are evident in modern governments today. Would you like to get a custom essay? He wrote a book of fiction called Julie or the New Heloise in 1761. Nearly all of his works focus on this belief. He also influenced political thought. When translated into other languages, the Encyclopedia helped spread Enlightenment ideas throughout Europe and across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas. Rousseau also had a huge influence philosophically on the European Romantic movement. Rousseau distinguished the general will from the particular and often contradictory wills of individuals and groups. Rousseau greatly influenced later philosophers and political theorists, including the famous philosopher named Immanuel Kant and his opinions on ethics. His mother, Suzanne Bernard Rousseau, died nine days after his birth due to complications from childbirth, and his father Isaac, a failed watchmaker, abandoned him in 1722 to avoid imprisonment for fighting a duel. He had a great love for nature, and in music, religion and philosophy Rousseau sought a liberation of old forms and ideas. Another of his main ideas revolved around his concept of the social contract. Born in Geneva in 1712, Rousseau was shaped by the death of his mother and loss of his father at an early age. These ideas weren’t the … He wrote the text as a response to an essay contest at the nearby Academy of Dijon. a.) jefferson and the ideas of the american revolution influenced the french, esp. July 2, 1778. In this work, Rousseau argued that the progression of the sciences and arts had caused the corruption of virtue and morality. Paris authorities condemned the books and Rousseau was forced to flee from France and live in Switzerland. The general will is central to the political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and an important concept in modern republican thought. These views on education helped inspire the national education system in France during the French Revolution. Jean-Jacques Rousseau has to be one of the more complex figures of the Enlightenment. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 - 1778) was a French philosopher and writer of the Age of Enlightenment. Rousseau was therefore brought up mainly by his father, a clockmaker, with whom at an early age he read ancient Greek and Roman literature such as the Lives of Plutarch. His legacy as a radical and revolutionary is perhaps best described by the most famous line in his most famous book, The … Learn about his important works, his main ideas, and how he influenced other philosophers, movements, and governments in this lesson. No one will walk over you hurt in a forest in the land of the Iroquois,” he argues. 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