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Research-based decision making  – See “data-based decision making.”, Response to intervention (RTI) – Early and effective assistance to children who are having difficulty learning. AV Communication Review, 11(1). Here you will find a dictionary of key terms, laws, and concepts in special education. Average daily membership is determined by dividing the total aggregate daily membership by the number of days school was in session during the school year. Standardized testing  – Tests administered and scored under uniform (standardized) conditions. More about Career and Technical Education, Career Clusters – An assessment selected and carried out by a local educational agency that is separate from an assessment required by the state or federal government. Groupings of occupations and industries that are used for organizing curriculum design, career counseling and guidance. Substitute tests  – Tests approved by the Board of Education as substitutes for SOL end-of-course tests for awarding verified credit for high school; examples include Advanced Placement (AP), International Baccalaureate (IB), SAT II, as well as a number of certifications and licensing examinations in career and technical fields. More about Virtual School Programs (Multidivision Online Providers) Portfolio  – A So we’ve created a must-know list of education lingo for your reference. Back to top, Title I  – Federal funding program authorized by Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act to support instructional needs of students from low-income families to ensure that all children have a fair and equal opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach (at a minimum) proficiency on state academic achievement standards and assessments. Any aggressive and unwanted behavior that is intended to harm, intimidate, or humiliate the victim; involves a real or perceived power imbalance between the aggressor or aggressors and victim; and is repeated over time or causes severe emotional trauma. Achievement gap – The difference between the performance of subgroups of students, especially those defined by gender, race/ethnicity, disability and socioeconomic status. At-risk students – Special education (SPED)  – Specially designed instructional and related services delivered at no cost to the parent that adapts the curriculum, materials or instruction for students identified as having educational or physical disabilities under federal law and tailored to the individual student's needs and learning style and provided in a general education or special education classroom, home, hospital, separate school or other setting. Migrant education – A program of instruction and services for children who move periodically with their families from one school to another in a different geographical area to secure seasonal employment. ACT – More about Alternative Education. Bullying – Self-p aced course (online) – An Open education resources (also known as openly licensed educational resources) – Glossary of education terms (A–C) Glossary of education terms (D–F) Glossary of education terms (G–L) Glossary of education terms … Seat-time  – The amount of instructional time required to earn a credit (Carnegie unit) and in online learning is indicated by amount of time engaged in coursework. More about Locally Developed Assessments, Locally awarded verified credit – A Literary fund – Established in the Constitution of Virginia (Article VIII, § 8) as a permanent and perpetual school fund that provides low-interest loans to school divisions for capital expenditures, such as construction of new buildings or remodeling of existing buildings. Funding appropriated for the operation of public schools, including funding for school employee benefits, Standards of Quality, incentive-based programs, allotment of sales tax and lottery revenues, and specific appropriations for programs such as Governor’s Schools and adult literacy initiatives. Alignment – Effort to ensure that what teachers teach is in accord with what the curriculum says will be taught and what is assessed on official tests. The SNIA Technical Council is a group of technical experts elected by the memb… Bullying includes cyber bullying. Arts integration means learning core content side by side with–and through–art. national assessment of student achievement that is taken by samplings of students in each state and nationwide. Secondary school  – A public school with any grades 9 through 12. collection of student work chosen to exemplify and document a student's learning progress over time. A cohort dropout rate is the percentage of students in the cohort who drop out during the same period. Middle school – A school with grades 6 through 8. Four core subject/academic areas – English, mathematics, science and history/social science for purposes of SOL testing. school with a high percentage of disadvantaged students making it eligible for participation in federal Title I programs. Competency Based Learning – An instructional model characterized by the following: Complaint – A state dispute- resolution option addressing a disagreement regarding special education programs, procedures or services. Back to top. A person working face-to-face with an online student to provide physical supervision and support. Results from these tests – which most students take online – are used by the commonwealth to identify schools in need of assistance and to inform parents and the public about the progress of schools through the awarding of annual accreditation ratings. specialized practice of professional nursing that advances the well-being, academic success and life-long achievement and health of students. SAT  –  One of two commonly used tests designed to assess high school students' general educational development and required for college entrance by many institutions of higher education; published and administered by the College Board. Charter schools are subject to state and federal anti-discrimination laws. Association for Educational … Local Assessment – Home instruction (also referred to as home schooling ) – Educational terminology can be overwhelming with so many acronyms and buzzwords to remember. Discovery Education Experience provides engaging high-quality content, grab-and-go digital lessons, creative collaboration tools, and practical professional learning resources to give educators everything they need to engage all learners and create a lasting educational … Virtual learning  – Education in which instruction and content are delivered primarily over the internet. A glossary is a list of terms that traditionally appears at the end of an academic paper, a thesis, a book, or an article. accreditation agency– A nongovernmental body established to administer accrediting procedures. Back to top. Back to top, Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA ’04) – Federal law guiding the delivery of special education services for students with disabilities which includes the guarantee of “free and appropriate public education” for every school-age child with a disability and allows parental involvement in the educational planning process, encourages access to the general curriculum and delineates how school disciplinary rules and the obligation to provide a free appropriate public education for disabled children. Ely, D.P. Instructional and support practices that acknowledge that culture is central to learning and encouraging to learn by building on the experiences, knowledge and skills they bring to the classroom, group, office or meeting. Project-based learning  – An educational approach emphasizing creativity and critical thinking which uses broad, complex problems as a method for learning both content and skills. that offers full-time education delivered primarily over the internet; synonymous with online school, eSchool and cyber school. class period per day (or the equivalent) unencumbered of any teaching or supervisory duties. Home-based instruction – Mentor (online) – Educational programs, pupil performance standards and curriculum must meet or exceed the Standards of Quality. More about Home Instruction, Home tutoring – Back to top, Family life education – A accreditation, national– A type of institutional accreditation primarily for religious colleges and universities, private trade and technical schools, private business colleges, and colleges focusing on health-related fields, as well as institutions offering programs primarily through distance delivery and ho… Examples include digital textbooks and apps. More about the Standards of Quality. Direct aid to public education – They may or may not be separated in time (asynchronous vs. synchronous). To find a specific word or phrase, enter it in the search box below. Planning period – One calculation approximating what most school divisions spend to operate their schools used to establish the funded cost of many components of the Standards of Quality, such as instructional salaries. More about IDEA, Individualized education program (IEP) – A written plan created for a student with disabilities by the student's parents, certain school personnel (including the student’s teachers) and other interested parties. The following terms and definitions are often associated with and provide a common, working language for ADL’s educational anti-bias programs and resources. Defined generally as a student missing 10 percent or more of school over the course of the school year for any reason, including excused and unexcused absences. More about Education of Migratory Children, Multidivision online provider (MOP) – Refers to program designed to remedy, strengthen and improve the academic achievement of students who demonstrate substandard performance. Verified unit of credit  – Earned credit based on a standard unit of credit, plus a passing score on the corresponding end-of-course Standards of Learning test or substitute test approved by the Board of Education. If you are confused about all the different terms you have come across while preparing for (or starting!) An individual who has met statutory and state Board of Education requirements for teaching and has been issued a license authorizing him or her to teach in the subject area. This is a helpful resource for parents, families, and instructors! Alternative education – Back to top, Early childhood education – educational translate: 教育的;与教育有关的. Projects are authentic and generally cross-curricular and require collaboration, either with peers or experts. The new UK-focused Dictionary of Education provides clear and concise definitions for 1,250 terms, from A* to zero tolerance, that anyone studying education or working in the field is likely to encounter. Online school – A formally constituted organization (public, private, state, charter, etc.) Disaggregated data – Presentation of educational data broken into subgroups of students instead of the entire student body which allows parents and teachers to measure how each student group is performing; typical subgroups include students who are economically disadvantaged, from different racial or ethnic groups, those who have disabilities or have limited English fluency. TCP Monograph No. An A-Z of Higher education buzzwords, terms, and definitions that matter in a post-secondary education environment with Top Hat's glossary of terms. accreditation, institutional– Accreditation that evaluates an entire educational institution and accredits it as a whole. SOL curriculum framework  – Special education and related services provided pursuant to the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 for students with disabilities at public expense, under public supervision, at no charge to the parents and based on the child's unique needs as set forth in the student’s individualized education program. The number of students a teacher instructs per class period multiplied by the number of class periods taught. Virtual school  – | Learn more », Academic-Language Development (see Academic Language), see Authentic Learning, Demonstration of Learning, see Capstone Project, Demonstration of Learning, Computer-adaptive testing (see Computer-Adaptive Test), Critical Friends Group (see Professional Learning Community), see Personalized Learning, Student-Centered Learning, see Learning Standards, Proficiency-Based Learning, see Proficiency, Competency-Based Learning, see Learning Standards, Competency-Based Learning, see Competency-Based Learning or Proficiency-Based Learning (the two entries are the same), see Competency-Based Learning or Proficiency-Based Learning (the two entries are the same), see Learning Pathway, Competency-Based Learning, see Continuous Improvement, Professional Development, Professional Learning Community, see Assessment, Criterion-Referenced Test, see Critical Friend, Professional Learning Community, see Multicultural Education, School Culture, see Asynchronous Learning, Synchronous Learning, English Learner (see English-Language Learner), Extended Learning Opportunity (see Learning Pathway), Grade-Level Expectations (see Learning Progression, Learning Standards), see Learning Objectives, Learning Progression, Learning Standards, see Learning Progression, Learning Standards, see Learning Objectives, Learning Progression, Learning Standards, see High Expectations, Learning Standards, Proficiency, Rigor, see Professional Learning Community, School Community, see Demonstration of Learning, Capstone Project, see High Expectations, Learning Standards, see Learning Objectives, Learning Standards, Student Outcomes, Limited English Proficient (see English-Language Learner), Long-Term English Language Learner (see Long-Term English Learner), see Project-Based Learning, Proficiency-Based Learning, see Assessment, Demonstration of Learning, see Learning Pathway, Personalized Learning, Professional Learning Group (see Professional Learning Community), see Learning Standards, Proficiency, Proficiency-Based Learning, see Learning Pathway, Proficiency-Based Learning, Supplemental Instruction (see Academic Support, Expanded Learning Time), School-Improvement Committee or School-Improvement Council (see Leadership Team), Student Learning Objectives (see Learning Objectives), see Standards-Based, Competency-Based Learning or Proficiency-Based Learning (the two entries are the same), see Standards-Based, Competency-Based Learning or Proficiency-Based Learning (the two entries are the same), see Criterion-Referenced Test, Standards-Referenced, Standards-Based, see Personally Identifiable Information, Student-Level Data, Unique Student Identifier, see Learning Objectives, Learning Standards, Student Outcomes, Students will be able to… (see Learning Objectives), The Glossary of Education Reform for Journalists, Parents, and Community Members. A cohort “on-time” graduation rate is the percentage of students in a cohort who earn a diploma within four years of entering the ninth grade. standard for judging performance. Online learning – Some of the entries contain translations in one or more of … Online courses that allow students to make up failed credits needed for high school graduation or be on track to enter high school prepared to meet the demands of a college-preparatory curriculum. School nurse  – A Chronic absenteeism – Psychiatrist  – A Online teacher (or online instructor) – An appropriately licensed teacher who is responsible for instruction in an online course. Teach-nology.com is constantly striving to make sure that we're one of the top teacher resources on the Internet. Due process hearing – Clear the box to return to the full glossary. The Glossary of Education Reform for Journalists, Parents, and Community Members Created by the Great Schools Partnership , the GLOSSARY OF EDUCATION REFORM is a comprehensive online resource that describes widely used school-improvement terms… An educational approach which varies the learning objectives, instructional methods, content and assessment methods based on the needs of the student, with the involvement of the student in selecting content and educational objectives. Bullying does not include ordinary teasing, horseplay, argument, or In-Class learning exemplify and a! Remote, Hybrid, or peer conflict terms related to specific subjects ELL ) – See learners! Limited-English proficient ( LEP ) – College-level courses and assessments published by the College Board a stage of such process! A higher-than-average probability of dropping out or failing school peer conflict education terms, definitions and acronyms that are used... 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