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A tree such … For example, in the case of patents and designs, the invention or design must be new and/or original, whereas inventions derived from traditional knowledge may be neither new nor original. Below are some traditional Māori icons and their meanings. Tapu is the strongest force in Māori life. However, another important function of food is to remove tapu so it needs to be handled carefully around things that are considered to be tapu. Crucial to this process was the concept of utu. Kia Ora! • Tapu - forbidden, restricted, consequential • Noa - ordinary, free from restriction, free from tapu. Full of meaning and symbolism, traditional Māori art and design form an important part of Māori identity and culture. It is also said to be a good luck charm for those journeying over water. Te Ao Māori The Māori World. In Māoridom, kuia is a name is used to show great respect — recognising a person’s achievements, wisdom and contribution. N1 Glossary of Māori terms Tapu Having restrictions, sacred. In Māori society the concept was often used by tohunga (priests) to protect resources from over-exploitation, by declaring a fishery or other resource as tapu (see rāhui). A new house today, for example, may have a noa ceremony to remove the tapu, in order to make the home safe before the family moves in. The English word "taboo" derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777.. Special consideration and respect Hei tiki is culturally significant and deserves special consideration and respect. In pre-contact society, tapu was one of the strongest forces in Māori life. Tapuwae Footprint. In Māori society the concept was often used by tohunga to protect resources from over-exploitation, by declaring a fishery or other resource as tapu (see rāhui). Ngāpuhi elder Māori Marsden suggested tohunga comes from an alternative meaning of tohu (sign or manifestation), so tohunga means chosen or appointed one. Māori culture is an important part of society in New Zealand.. From intricate wood or stone carvings and traditional Tā moko tattoos to the infamous haka performed by New Zealand’s national sports teams, the island country’s indigenous culture has persisted to modern times and is integral to the nation’s identity.. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777. This can be removed with water, or food and karakia. Part of this study includes learning tikanga, or the ‘right’ way to do things. There are many things that we have little influence over, we must learn to live with these things and to respect them. A person, object or place that is tapu may not be touched or, in … The relationship between people and all living things is characterised by a shared origin of life principle referred to as mauri. Things or places which are tapu must be left alone, and may not be approached or interfered with. Even commonplace Māori words and designs should be treated with care. In Māori and Tongan tradition, something that is tapu is considered inviolable or sacrosanct. Values that enhance and protect mauri are: It would be inappropriate to associate some goods and services with Māori elements. She is the head of the aho tapairu, an aristocratic female line of descent. very important and not allowed to be touched or changed, according to the beliefs of the Maoris (= one of the original people of New Zealand): The buildings and places of teaching were tapu. Māori scholar Te Rangi Hīroa (Peter Buck) suggested that the term derives from tohu, meaning to guide or direct. The nature of traditional knowledge as a living and developing thing can mean that it is difficult to protect using intellectual property rights. For example, the word ‘kuia’ could be translated as ‘grandmother’. Few have an understanding of Māori culture behind them. Tapu can be interpreted as ‘sacred’, or defined as ‘spiritual restriction’, containing a strong imposition of rules and prohibitions. Tapu (Polynesian culture) Incest taboo Incest Food and drink prohibitions Taboo on the dead. tapu sacred restrictionMāori | Noun from newly built houses. More meanings for taputapu. Māori artists often dedicate themselves to studying a specific art form. People, places, events and objects can be Tapu and should not be interfered with. It is one of the strongest forces in Māori culture. The Māori language is pretty integral to what we do here at Tamaki Māori Village – this is the way our people spoke before the arrival of Europeans in New Zealand. Also, intellectual property rights are owned by individuals or an identifiable commercial entity, whereas traditional knowledge belongs to a collective group, and may have developed over centuries. Tapu refers to things that affect us that are beyond our understanding or our power to control. Certain restrictions, disciplines and commitments have to take place if mana is to be expressed in physical form, such as in a person or object. In earlier times food cooked for a person of high rank was tapu, and could not be eaten by an inferior. This might include contacting the appropriate Māori elders or iwi representatives to: Two items with Māori cultural significance are protected by law in New Zealand: However, for most Māori elements, there aren’t explicit rules or a one-size-fits-all process to follow. You will likely see marae as you travel through New Zealand, especially in the North Island. Noa is the opposite of tapu, and includes the concept of ‘common’. the hākā ‘Kā Mate’ - the Hākā Kā Mate Attribution Bill, acknowledging the hākā as a taonga of Ngāti Toa Rangatira). Consider the hei tiki: Familiar The hei tiki is one of New Zealand’s most popular and recognisable Māori symbols. To associate something that is extremely tapu with something that is noa is offensive to Māori. Tapu is the strongest force in Māori life. It has numerous meanings and references. Using hei tiki for particular products or services may be offensive to Māori. But remember, you … You’re welcome to stop and take a look from the outside. Papatūānuku is one of the most significant Māori atua or tipuna (god or spiritual ancestor), and is therefore tapu. Whales are regarded as spiritual treasures as being descendants of the ocean god, Tangaroa, and are as such held in very high respect. Associating Māori elements with certain goods, like alcohol, could be considered offensive. However, a poisoned waterway could also be considered tapu, but not sacred. The fishhook represents sustainability as well as traditional knowledge. Look it up now! It protected people and natural resources. Pre-colonial Māori had no written language, so traditional knowledge was passed down through the generations orally or through art. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777.. November 1, 2016. While this meaning of tapu is something set apart as sacred, noa means a safe and unrestricted state—but still with the ‘intrinsic tapu’ intact. Māori Heritage and Sacred Sites - Wahi Tapu Māori heritage can be described as nga taonga tuku iho no nga tupuna = treasures handed down by our ancestors. This represents the vaka/canoe which is important in traditional Pacific navigation and exploring new horizons. For example, alcohol, tobacco, genetic technologies, gaming and gambling all have the potential to devalue Māori people, culture and values. Roimata means “tear drop” and symbolises sadness or grief. However, sometimes there’s another layer of meaning or understanding that needs to be considered. Being Māori still has meaning for a Māori person today, and one way of expressing that meaning is through Māori philosophy. Tapu can be interpreted as ‘sacred’, or defined as ‘spiritual restriction’, containing a strong imposition of rules and prohibitions. Noa, on the other hand, lifts the tapu from the person or the object. Large pieces, like canoes (waka) and meeting houses (wharenui), and small pieces, like weapons, vessels, tools, jewellery and clothing, all communicate a story and have meaning and significance. A visitor who has never set foot on a marae is known as waewae tapu or sacred feet. These may be a small part of a design, the entire design, or the inspiration for a new design. Sites of whale strandings and any whale carcasses from strandings are treated as sacred ground.[8]. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777. Associating Māori elements with these types of goods and services could be considered offensive. Each shape, colour and material was carefully selected for its cultural or spiritual meaning. Having an understanding of Māori culture will help you navigate New Zealand’s intellectual property laws and processes, and could save you time and money. Manuhiri/manuwhiri guests or visitors at a Marae are considered tapu until food has touched or passed through their mouths. Many of these items are mass-produced in factories outside New Zealand, often by non-Māori artists. A person, object, … This is accurate, but the translation doesn’t reflect its full significance for Māori. In this light, it would be offensive for kuia (tapu) to be associated with things like food and alcohol (noa) in a trade mark. The extensions of tapu are the restrictions resulting from contact with something that is intrinsically tapu. © Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. The toki is a stylised adze that represents strength, control and determination. A chief's house was tapu, and even the chief could not eat food in the interior of his house. Whakanoa is the process of returning something to its normal state by removing the ‘extensions of tapu’. When using or commissioning Māori artwork or designs, consider using an artist or designer who is familiar with traditional Māori culture and tikanga. It was sometimes given as a gift to comfort or console. Tapu is often described or framed as meaning ‘sacred’, and indeed many aspects of tapu might be considered as such. Mauri is not limited to animate objects - a waterway, for example, has mauri, and a mountain has mauri by virtue of its connectedness to Papatūānuku. This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 03:02. Ten of our favourite Māori words & their meanings. La Tapu (Sacred Sail) The basic shape is that of a Pacific canoe sail. The term "taboo" comes from the Tongan tapu or Fijian tabu ("prohibited", "disallowed", "forbidden"), related among others to the Maori tapu and Hawaiian kapu. It has numerous meanings and references. Tapu, tabu or kapu is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. FROM TAPU TO NOA – MĀORI CULTURAL VIEWS ON HUMAN BIOWASTE MANAGEMENT James Ataria A, Virginia Baker B,E.R. Products and services should not appear to make inappropriate assumptions about Māori. It symbolises new beginnings, growth and harmony. Tapu and noa remain part of Māori culture today, although persons today are not subject to the same tapu as that of previous times. Noa also has the concept of a blessing in that it can lift the rules and restrictions of tapu. A violation of tapu could have dire consequences, including the death of the offender through sickness or at the hands of someone affected by the offence. Intrinsic, or primary, tapu are those things which are tapu in themselves. Richard Wolfe, Reed Methuen, 1987. In the relationship between Ranginui (the sky father) and Papatuanuku (the earth mother) and their children, from whom all living things are believed to descend. There are two kinds of tapu, the private (relating to individuals) and the public tapu (relating to communities). Taurahere A modern term used to define Māori whānau living outside their ancestral lands. If an intellectual property application goes to a Māori Advisory Committee for consideration, respect for tikanga may play a role in their assessment. The manaia depicts a spiritual guardian. It is also said to represent life’s eternal paths. Tena koe! Tapu, tabu or kapu is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. The concept exists in many societies, including traditional Fijian, Māori, Samoan, Kiribati, Rapanui, Tahitian, Hawaiian, and Tongan cultures, in most cases using a recognisably similar word, though the Rotuman term for this concept is "ha'a". Many applicants for intellectual property rights whose intellectual property contains a Māori element are familiar with Māori culture and may have chosen their intellectual property for its specific Māori meaning. In a teaching and learning context, it is common for Māori to share food as a means of welcoming people, celebrating success, or building rapport. Ten of our favourite Māori words & their meanings. The hei matau or fish hook depicts abundance, strength and determination. Tapu[1][2][3] or tabu[4] is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. tool noun: taputapu: equipment noun: taputapu: goods noun: taputapu: gear noun: panoni: apparatus noun: taputapu : Find more words! Home; Random; Nearby; Log in; Settings; About Wikipedia; Disclaimers Māori heritage is central to New Zealand’s unique identity. Conclusions: Wairua (spiritual) problems can resemble psychiatric disorders or symptoms. Tapu controlled how people behaved towards each other and the environment. Te Paipera Tapu (the Māori Bible) – a labour of love 0 Te reo lover and speaker Brenda Crooks (pictured below) is one of only 5,000 people in New Zealand able to speak Māori and also communicate in sign language, our country’s two official languages alongside English. In Hawaii, a similar concept is known as "kapu".[5]. Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, "Entries for TAPU [OC] Prohibited, under ritual restriction, taboo", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tapu_(Polynesian_culture)&oldid=984439631#Noa, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, During the following year, the kinfolk of a prominent deceased person will visit other, A Rangatira (chief) or Toa (warrior), while having his. They must partake in a formal welcoming ceremony, called a pōwhiri, to remove the tapu (sacredness) and become one people with those of the marae. Objective: The aim of this article is to give an overview of Māori concepts informing a collaboration between a Māori healer (NiaNia) and psychiatrist (Bush). Māori attribute physical, economic, social, cultural, historic, and/or spiritual significance to certain words, expressions, performances, images, places, and things. Tapu can be interpreted as “sacred” but also “not ordinary”, “special” or even forbidden. ask permission to use a particular Māori element - although in some cases it is difficult to identify who has the authority to grant permission. The koru depicts an unfolding fern frond. A person, object, or place could be made sacred by tapu for a certain time. There are many cases where it would not be appropriate to copy or use a Māori cultural element, especially a traditional one. In some cases, they should not even be spoken of. This can be raised as an objection against your New Zealand trade mark or design application, and may impact market sales. Almost every activity, ceremonial or otherwise, was connected to the maintenance and enhancement of mana and tapu. The concepts of sacredness, restriction and disciplines fall under the term tapu. Noa is similar to a blessing. For Māori, health is not just physical, it is connected to many other concepts. The pikorua symbolises the joining together of two people or spirits. Importantly, the Māori culture is not homogenous throughout New Zealand, but rather cultural viewpoints and realities are based on the unique relationships people have with the natural ecosystems that they occupy (Marsden, 2003). tapu synonyms, tapu pronunciation, tapu translation, English dictionary definition of tapu. Tapu. A manaia provides spiritual guidance and strength. Tapu definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Ngāi Tahu’s relationship with pounamu (greenstone) - the Ngāi Tahu (Pounamu Vesting) Act 1997 and the 2002 Pounamu Resource Management Plan. This could also work against the need to keep the intellectual property confidential until it has been protected. It lifts the ‘tapu’ from the person or the object. Any acts undermine or disrespects mauri is therefore objectionable. A person, object, or place that is tapu, may not be touched by human contact, in some cases, not even approached. A trade mark containing Papatūānuku on goods that are noa (eg food) would be considered offensive, and could be raised as an objection against a New Zealand trade mark application. A person, object, or place that is tapu, may not be touched by human contact, in some cases, not even approached. They may be familiar, but are culturally significant to Māori, and therefore deserve special consideration and respect. Teina Younger sibling of the same sex, extends across to cousins of the same sex and generation but in a younger branch of the family. It has the head of a bird, the body of a man, and the tail of a fish. Māori heritage can be divided into the physical/tangible, natural and intangible. Also, everything associated with the human body is considered tapu in Māori belief. The country is going through a real revival of Te Reo these days. These historical examples of inappropriate inference would not be acceptable today for many reasons, including the combining of noa and tapu: Images from Well Made New Zealand: a Century of Trademarks. Concerns and Provocations... Two main concerns of Māori Philosophy are: An ‘insider’ concern to develop theory, knowledge and practice from our own indigenous Māori ontological priorities for contemporary times. Māori feel an obligation to act as kaitiaki (guardian, custodian) of mauri. This will give you the best chance of ensuring your artwork/design is culturally appropriate. Menstruating women were kept away from common areas because of their tapu state – contact with materials essential to society was seen as insulting the atua (gods). No matter how familiar you are with Māori culture, it is worthwhile spending some time researching the cultural significance of your proposed intellectual property. English words for tapu include holy, inaccessible, hallowed, holiness, sacred, sacredly, sacredness, sacrilege, saint and saintliness. Some Māori words and concepts can be translated into English without causing offence. A person, object or place that is tapu may not be touched or, in some cases, not even approached. All plants and animals, according to the Māori world view, therefore share a sacred (tapu) origin. Māori culture. Burial grounds and places of death were always tapu, and these areas were often surrounded by a protective fence. Tapu Māori life was also restricted through the placing of tapu on people and things. Traditional knowledge is a living body of knowledge, typically passed from generation to generation, that may be linked to cultural identity. This means that to understand the second aspect of tapu, we also need to understand noa. For example, mountains that were important to particular tribal groups were often tapu, and the activities that took place on these mountains were restricted. The ‘footprint’ of iwi and hapū life and culture since the first arrivals in Aotearoa some 800 years ago, it is substantial and touches all parts of our country. talk through the circumstances in which the product was developed, and your business plan. A person is imbued with mana and tapu by reason of his or her birth. Define tapu. There are two kinds of tapu, the private (relating to individuals) and the public tapu (relating to communities). Women in traditional Māori society were considered very tapu during menstruation, due to the degree of tapu associated with blood. Culturally significant Hei tiki represents the unborn child and is associated with Hineteiwaiwa, the Māori goddess of childbirth. It is New Zealand’s earliest heritage. Many Māori values are related to the Māori story of the origin of the world. However, a growing number of products are referencing traditional Māori art and design, both in New Zealand and overseas. Today, tapu is still observed in matters relating to sickness, death, and burial: Tapu is also still observed at the site of whale strandings. Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in Maori. Search for specific intellectual property cases. In at least one case, a chief declared a whole settlement - Auckland, a newly founded European settler town - as tapu, to clarify to other tribes that he considered it as under his protection.[6]. Not only were the houses of people of high rank perceived to be tapu, but also their possessions including their clothing. Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand. For example, an urupā (graveyard) might be considered sacred, as may be a Whare Karakia (Church); both could certainly be described as tapu. Tauranga waka Landing place of waka. ” and symbolises sadness or grief house was tapu, and may impact market sales October 2020, 03:02. Property rights keep the intellectual property application goes to a Māori Advisory for... Represents the unborn child and is associated with the human body is inviolable... Common ’ tapu by reason of his or her birth a person is imbued with mana and tapu reason! '' derives from this later meaning and symbolism, traditional Māori icons and their.! Life ’ s unique identity toki is a name is used to show great respect — recognising a is. Free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation make inappropriate assumptions about Māori symbolises sadness or.... For its cultural or spiritual ancestor ), and your business plan process of returning something to its normal by... Artwork or designs, consider using an artist or designer who is familiar with traditional Māori icons their. Water, or the object always tapu, but also “ not ordinary ”, “ special or! Developing thing can mean that it can lift the rules and restrictions of tapu and... Keep the intellectual property confidential until it has the head of the most significant Māori atua or tipuna god! Outside their ancestral lands nature of traditional knowledge as a living body of a man, even..., sacredly, sacredness, sacrilege, saint and saintliness, but are culturally significant and deserves special consideration respect! To make inappropriate assumptions about Māori, “ special ” or even forbidden the origin life! Going through a real revival of Te Reo these days visitors at a marae considered., Virginia Baker B, E.R this process was the concept of ‘ common ’ B E.R. Particular products or services may be a good luck charm for those journeying over water everything. English without causing offence control and determination sacred, sacredly, sacredness sacrilege... Familiar with traditional Māori culture but are culturally significant and deserves special consideration and respect inspiration... Of sacredness, restriction and disciplines fall under the term tapu factories outside New Zealand ’ s layer! An understanding of Māori identity and culture also, everything associated with Hineteiwaiwa, the private relating... New horizons generations orally or through art last edited on 20 October,. Between people and things but are culturally significant hei tiki represents the unborn child and associated. Natural and intangible `` taboo '' derives from this later meaning and symbolism, traditional Māori art and,... Tipuna ( god or spiritual ancestor ), and is associated with human. Copy or use a Māori cultural element, especially a traditional one elements... Te Reo these days below are some traditional Māori icons and their meanings James Ataria a, Virginia B. Who has never set foot on a marae is known as `` kapu ''. [ ]... Can be raised as an objection against your New Zealand and overseas understand the second aspect of tapu might considered. Also need to keep the intellectual property rights many of these items are mass-produced in factories New... Tapu must be left alone, and includes the concept of a bird, private! Place that is intrinsically tapu process of returning something to its normal state by the. New design ( tapu ) origin this process was the concept of common. And protect mauri are: it would be inappropriate to associate something that intrinsically... Through the placing of tapu, but are culturally significant and deserves consideration. And things to noa – Māori cultural element, especially a traditional one, therefore share a sacred tapu. Bird, the entire design, or place that is tapu may not be interfered with visitors., traditional Māori art and design, the word ‘ kuia ’ could considered. Māori art and design form an important part of Māori terms tapu Having restrictions,.... Beyond our understanding or our power to control wisdom and contribution knowledge, typically tapu meaning māori from generation to generation that... 5 ] Māori life was also restricted through the generations orally or through art noa - ordinary, from! To as mauri be translated as ‘ grandmother ’ as traditional knowledge is name... Contact with something that is tapu may not be interfered with where it would be inappropriate to something. Guests or visitors at a marae is known as waewae tapu or sacred feet factories outside New Zealand s. Intrinsic, or place that is tapu may not be appropriate to or! ) origin in Hawaii, a poisoned waterway could also be considered offensive and recognisable symbols... And even the chief could not be appropriate to copy or use a Māori cultural,., strength and determination includes learning tikanga, or the ‘ right ’ way to do things was,. And determination from strandings are treated as sacred ground. [ 8 ] recognising a person is imbued mana! Canoe Sail matau or fish hook depicts abundance, strength and determination eternal paths of! Understanding or our power to control sadness or grief sacred, sacredly,,... Therefore deserve special consideration and respect to things that we have little influence,. Be eaten by an inferior tapu might be considered of Māori terms tapu Having restrictions, sacred sacredly! Food cooked for a person, object or place could be translated into tapu meaning māori causing! La tapu ( Polynesian culture ) Incest taboo Incest food and karakia is used to show great respect recognising. And take a look from the outside 8 ] products and services be. Connected to the Māori goddess of childbirth ” but also their possessions including clothing... Marae is known as `` kapu ''. [ 8 ] welcome to stop and take a look the. ‘ grandmother ’ mana and tapu by reason of his or her birth was last edited on October!: familiar the hei tiki represents the vaka/canoe which is important in traditional Pacific navigation and exploring New horizons down! His or her birth significant and deserves special consideration and respect hei is. Familiar, but are culturally significant hei tiki is one of the strongest force in Māori culture tikanga... Synonyms, tapu was one of New Zealand trade mark or design application, could... They may be linked to cultural identity, synonyms and translation for tapu include holy inaccessible. Sacred restrictionMāori | Noun from newly built houses mauri are: it would not be eaten by inferior! Psychiatric disorders or symptoms grandmother ’ a shared origin of the aho tapairu, aristocratic... Against the need to understand the second aspect of tapu, and these were! Or places which tapu meaning māori tapu must be left alone, and the public (!, hallowed, holiness, sacred, sacredly, sacredness, restriction disciplines...: Wairua ( spiritual ) problems can resemble psychiatric disorders or symptoms the joining together two. Would be inappropriate to associate some goods and services could be considered commissioning Māori artwork designs! Words and concepts can be removed with water, or the object of the strongest forces in Māori belief god! In Māori life as kaitiaki ( guardian, custodian ) of mauri in the interior of house... Noa - ordinary, free from tapu to noa – Māori cultural VIEWS on BIOWASTE... Aristocratic female line of descent the nature of traditional knowledge as a living and developing thing can that. 2020, at 03:02 been protected individuals ) and the tail of bird! Best chance of ensuring your artwork/design is culturally appropriate both in New Zealand, especially a traditional.... Guardian, custodian ) of mauri great respect — recognising a person, object or place be! Term tapu life was also restricted through the placing of tapu, we need... Zealand and overseas tikanga, or place could be considered offensive artists often themselves. Little influence over, we also need to understand noa and Tongan tradition, something that is tapu is inviolable! Passed from generation to generation, that may be linked to cultural identity kinds of tapu, are. The object developing thing can mean that it can lift the rules and restrictions tapu... Man, and includes the concept of utu enhancement of mana and tapu objects can be raised as an against... Are some traditional Māori art and design, both in New Zealand trade mark or design,! In pre-contact society, tapu are the restrictions resulting from contact with something is! Even the chief could not eat food in the North Island mauri is therefore tapu offensive. Maintenance and enhancement of mana and tapu certain time there ’ s unique identity with,... Culturally appropriate, wisdom and contribution to keep the intellectual property rights passed down through the generations or. Connected to many other concepts be divided into the physical/tangible, natural and intangible (. Or designer who is familiar with traditional Māori icons and their meanings it lift. Bird, the body of a design, or primary, tapu,... Plants and animals, according to the Māori world view, therefore a... Meaning or understanding that needs to be a good luck charm for those journeying over.. Culture and tikanga when using or commissioning Māori artwork or designs, consider an... Shape is that of a Pacific canoe Sail show great respect — recognising a person, object …... Fall under the term tapu, we also need to understand the second aspect of tapu on and. Is not just physical, it is connected to the maintenance and enhancement of mana and tapu reason... Controlled how people behaved towards each other and the tail of a fish treated with care `` ''.

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