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Er stellte die umstrittene Hypothese auf, dass Amerika und andere Gebiete der Erde in den Jahren 1421 bis 1423 von den Chinesen im Rahmen einer Weltumsegelung entdeckt wurden. Much of Menzies, What is puzzling about this is that Menzies lists a number of scholars in his, footnotes that all clearly communicate what the notes on the side of the map state. I believe that Menzies has done what many others before him have done. The 1421 research team was set up to receive and disseminate all information gathered via this website. $27.95. Ancient Chinese script carved into rocks may prove Asians lived in New World 3,300 years ago. 1421: The Year China Discovered the World Take me to 1421 » In 1434, Gavin Menzies offers a stunning reappraisal of history, presenting compelling new evidence on the European Renaissance, tracing its roots to China. It appears to stake China's claim to have "discovered" America first. But was it the Chinese? Needham, Joseph, Science and Civilization in China: Volume 4, Physics and en in 1421 China broke with their traditional history and launched, a eet of merchant ships. e huge eet of Admiral Zheng He made at least one, voyage around the Indian ocean before China again became self focused. In this century there is no, Men have come hither (to Iceland) from Cathay in the Orient, as far back as 721 AD the Chinese had realized, ” Bravo. Ptolemy devised maps and globes with latitude and longitude some 500 years earlier, mention the Arab science of Qiyās which was the early science behind the development of the. Gavin Menzies: August 14th 1937- April 12th, 2020. If only Menzies had bothered to read the notes on the side of the P, map, where it boldly proclaims that Arab sailors visited the shores of North and S. America during the time of the Ptolemy rulers, he might have written a dierent book! If you would like to keep up to date with our research, please enter your email address here to subscribe to our newsletter. He served in the Royal Navy between 1953 and 1970. travels of Marco Polo, 1579. All rights reserved. It is commonly said that "Columbus discovered America." 1421: The Year China Discovered America Gavin Menzies. But Menzies is convinced that it was the Chinese. Take me to Atlantis ». "The book '1421, The Year China Discovered America' is a fairytale and a fiction" An article by Dr Geoff Wade, history expert, National University of Singapore. P. direct evidence that the great treasure eets of Zheng He ever took part in this trade. ere is no question that, the Chinese sailed into the southern hemisphere (Chie ang Shu is a good example), ey assuredly sailed through the Philippines and may have explored Australia and N, straight that separated South America from Antarctica, and that he sailed straight, for it presumably because he had maps showing where the straight was.He then infers, that the Portuguese gained this information from the Chinese. Columbus discovered America in 1492, any elementary school student will tell you. Take me to Who Discovered America? In "Who Discovered America?" At the end of the printed text are. On the other hand, the ancient Arab sailors had lug sails, or triangular sails that allowed, their ships to tack, and sail virtually against the wind. He admits that the Portuguese learned from, the Arabs that the Spice Islands could be reached by sailing west, rather than east. This fascinating documentary examines the mystery surrounding the sailing exploits of the legendary Admiral Zhen He and his 30 year command of a gigantic Ming fleet. The book has generated controversy within the halls of scholarship. Wubei Zhi, The Records of Armaments and Military Provisions, Wu Pei Chih, Pp. 1/2 (Jul., 1985), pp. nd evidence for the Chinese that he simply missed such an important statement. Hsi-Yang Chi-An Interpretation and Some Comparisons with Hsi. Zheng He, a Muslim mariner and explorer, is widely thought to have sailed around South East Asia and India, but the claim he visited America is hotly disputed. Menzies uses this map to demonstrate, that the Chinese knew to sail around the southern tip of Africa to reach Europe. 1421. priests as being the rst documentation of Portuguese sailors setting foot on, Island. Click here to purchase a PDF version of this article at the Monthly Review website. This documentary examines the controversial theory that a Chinese Ming Dynasty fleet, led by Zheng He, sailed past the Cape of Good Hope and crossed the Atlantic to discover the Americas… that the Chinese carved these Malayalam inscriptions, which he never translates for us. ey would have had much less of a problem. “…who originally provided the information to enable, is section shows in what way this map was drawn. The 1421 Research, Education and Exploration Foundation is a US-based non-profit foundation set up to fund ongoing research into pre-Columbian trans-oceanic exploration. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. The book, 1421: The Year China discovered the World, made the controversial claim that a Chinese admiral and eunuch, Zheng He, sailed around the world and discovered America on the way. Xi Uang Ji's voyage recorded in the Hsi-Yang-Chi, Hsi-Yang Chi-An Interpretation Should we bother to read on? Paperback. Gavin Menzies, a retired submarine lieutenant claimed the Chinese had sailed to North American in 1421, a full 30 years before Christopher Columbus was even born. Why does M, not tell us that Megallan had access to Arab maps? e, Caribbean section was taken from a map made by Columbus. CDN$24.73. Menzies fails to prove this. von Saher, Herbert (2004) "THE RIDDLE OF PRE-CONTACT WORLD MAPs and a review of 1421, the Year China Discovered America by Gavin Menzies (Harper-Collins, New York, 2002) Review," Rapa Nui Journal: Journal of the Easter Island Foundation: Vol. Gavin Menzies (1937-2020) was the bestselling author of 1421: The Year China Discovered America; 1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance; and The Lost Empire of Atlantis: History's Greatest Mystery Revealed. By Gavin Menzies. So, he assumes that if it was not the Arabs, then it MUST have been the Chinese! This website is a legacy site for Gavin Menzies. Although the Arabs understood ho, they never mastered how to measure time, with the necessary accuracy, achieved, and hence the Arabs could not have produced the Cantino or the, And so in two sentences, Menzies dismissed an age old question of who developed, these technologies rst. 117-141. New York: William Morrow. tend to mislead naive readers? He fails, to point out the miserable map-mapping skills of the Chinese in 1402, but claims that. Articles, Reviews Vol. Directed by David Wallace. e pages are covered with marginal notes. He totally misunderstands the Arab navigational system that used nautical manuals known, In Chapter 16 Menzies begins to describe to us the world from a 1470’, help from the Arabs, and that they used the Arab names for the star navigation, Arab, charts and Arab navigators to guide them. and Some Comparisons with Hsi-Yu Chi, Roderich Ptak, Chinese Literature: Essays, Library ID (No Spaces!) But Menzies seems totally unaware that, the best Arabic medieval maps, such as those of Al Idrisi, bear no comparison in detail or accur, “One can only imagine the extraordinary impact these carts, based, e Records of Armaments and Military Provisions. very self focused, occupied with invading nomadic barbarians for great periods of. Did people actually trade across the Pacic? Report of the President’s Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy Moon, Mars and Beyond … June 2004 A Journey to Inspire, Innovate, and Discover . 2, Autumn 2004. Christopher Ingold Laboratories, University College London, U.K. deeds” by Aeneas Sylvius (who later became P, 1477. Physical Technology, Part 3, Civil Engineering and Nautics. It has been a national holiday in the United States since 1937. Review of Dans trente ans la Chine by Robert Guillain; La Construction du socialisme en Chine by Charles Bettelheim. Menzies continues his errors into the next chapter, Portuguese simply did not have the capacity to survey the islands with such accuracy - for the. e rest of the, chapter presents long argued opinions on cross-Atlantic trade, this time however with, a Chinese twist. So we apparently have evidence. Only 10 left in stock. The Records of Armaments and Military Provisions. Tibbetts, G, R., Arab Navigaton, Oriental Tanslation Fund, New Series Volume If the junk had been part of a huge treasure eet, then I would assume that other ships, from the eet would have rescued the sailors. DVD,This special examines the theories outlined by Gavin Menzies in his best-selling book. 4.5 out of 5 stars 355. Chinese calendar: 庚子年 (Metal ... 1421 MCDXXI: Korean calendar: 3754: Minguo calendar: 491 before ROC 民前491年: Nanakshahi calendar −47: Thai solar calendar: 1963–1964: Tibetan calendar: 阳金鼠年 (male Iron-Rat) 1547 or 1166 or 394 — to — 阴金牛年 (female Iron-Ox) 1548 or 1167 or 395: Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1421. 1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance Gavin Menzies. ere w. that strife had arisen between them and the Chinese. Mr. Menzies, a former submarine commander in the British Royal Navy, discussed his controversial book [1421: The Year China Discovered America], published by … The Chinese had circumnavigated the world and provided this information to the courts of Europe. of Chinese in California, but no clear evidence that a treasure eet ever visited those shores. It appears that M, totally missed the fact that the Arabs were the sea merchants of the Indian Ocean (and, beyond) from the time of Christ until the 1500’, and Persian merchants living in Canton China! Remember Me (lasts for 2 weeks, or until you log out) In the chapter titled Settlement in North America, Menzies quotes, who arrived at Rhode Island in 1524. 215-216, Reoccuring strife between Arabs and Chinese in Canton. He argues that the, Portuguese must have had maps to guide them, but he never once considers that the, Chinese may have also had maps to guide them. In 1434, Gavin Menzies offers a stunning reappraisal of history, presenting compelling new evidence on the European Renaissance, tracing its roots to China. Vol. Why does he ask questions that. Did, China travel the world, carefully mapping out distant coasts along Antarctica and, America? WITH verve and unflagging conviction, Gavin Menzies advances a … Gavin Menzies (voller Name: Rowan Gavin Paton Menzies) (* 14. , Roderich Ptak, Chinese Literature: Essays, See the article published in Analytical Chemistry, A. Reoccuring strife between Arabs and Chinese in Canton. 1421: THE YEAR CHINA DISCOVERED THE WORLD (PAPERBACK) Download PDF 1421: The Year China Discovered The World (Paperback) Authored by Gavin Menzies Released at 2004 Filesize: 8.01 MB To open the data 0le, you will need Adobe Reader software program. they accurately charted the entire world with greatest accuracy 19 years later! Most, scholars insist that the eet of treasure ships commissioned by Chinese Emperor Zhu Di, sailed only in the Indian Ocean and South China Seas. the authors give a detailed account of how the Americas were populated by seaborne voyages over the years... '1421' and '1434' explore the Chinese contribution to world discovery, and to the Italian Renaissance respectively. advised the explorers to take along Arabic speaking men not Chinese speaking men! Review By Dan Gibson for Nabataea, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Dan Gibson, All content in this area was uploaded by Dan Gibson on Dec 09, 2017, In this book Gavin Menzies, a British submarine captain puts forward the claim, that Chinese admirals traveled around the world visiting every corner of the globe in. Menzies’ next chapter on an expedition to the N, fact that the Chinese had square rigged shipped and would have had a hard time sailing, west, unless they had traveled around Greenland. To find out more about what is being done to further Gavin’s work today, please visit The 1421 Foundation, Greatly expanding on 1421, Gavin Menzies and Ian Hudson uncover the complete untold history of how mankind came to populate the Americas - by multiple seaborne voyages over a period of thousands of years. interesting, but it is certainly not conclusive proof the Chinese ever arriving in the Caribbean. S. no pictures, no pen drawings, and no further mention of it, not even on the website. Da Conti's journals mentioned in John Framption's The most noble and famous As part of the defeat agreement, Taiwan was handed over to Japan. 18 : Iss.1 , Article 19. astrolabe, which Arab navigators used to guide the Portuguese and others across the world. 4.5 out of 5 stars 344. We are very sorry to write to tell you that … Read more, SL Lee’s research paper proves that China mapped America before … Read more, 1421Foundation In his bestselling book, "1421: The Year China Discovered America," British amateur historian Gavin Menzies turns the story of the Europeans' discovery of America on its ear with a startling idea: Chinese sailors beat Christopher Columbus to the Americas by more than 70 years. This comes as a surprise to those of us who know for a fact that America was discovered by Prince Madoc ab Owain Gwynedd in 1170. I. be entertaining to see what else this author conjures up as evidence of the Chinese. Taipei: Caves Books is is no surprise, since it seems that the ancient Egyptian pharaohs possessed, items and plants that were native only to the Americas. e proofs given by M, only bring us to the conclusion that the Americas had been visited before the Portuguese, arrived. I am writing a paper on ancient Islamic Qiblas, based on my understanding from the Bedouin. 1421: The Year China Discovered America? Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings: Evidence of Advanced Civilization in the Ice Age, Review: Dan Zahavi: Subjectivity and Selfhood: Investigating the First-Person Perspective, Review of polynomia and related realms by Dan Kalman, Review of The Near East Behind the Scenes: Memoirs of a Diplomat and Journalist (1952-2012)

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